A USEFUL CHRONOLOGY RELATING TO
The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and
Apostolic Church in North America
By the North American Holy Synod
1721 - Suppression of the Moscow Patriarchate by Tsar Peter the
Great of Russia and the founding of the Holy Governing Synod.
1794 - First
Orthodox mission to North America led by Saint Herman of Alaska.
1815 - First
Orthodox church built in Sitka, Alaska.
1848 - 15 December - Saint Innocent
of Alaska is consecrated first Orthodox bishop for North America.
Roman Catholic doctrine of papal infallibility defined by its first Vatican
1872 - Holy Governing Synod approves a separate North American
church, calling for an "American" form of Orthodoxy.
1890 - First Eastern
Rite Roman Catholic parish returned to Orthodoxy in Minneapolis,
1897 - Polish National Catholic Church founded in Pennsylvania by
disaffected Roman Catholics not being served by Irish and German heritage
1904 - First English translation of the Russian Liturgy authorized
by Patriarch (then archbishop) Tikhon.
1917 - 13 May - Aftimios Ofiesh
consecrated for the Syrian mission of the Russian Church.
1917 - 25 October -
Bolshevist Revolution in Russia
1917 - 31 October - Archbishop Tikhon (of the
North American mission) elected first Patriarch of Moscow since the death in
1700 of Patriarch Hadrian
1919 - North American Russian Church holds first
Sobor (synod) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1923 - The Karlovsky Synod in
Poland brings about a controversy within the Russian Church. It is
opposition to this synod that prompts the Russian bishops in America to act
definitely and in unison to form the American Orthodox Catholic Church.
They seek to preserve the "truths of Orthdoxy" in accordance with what they knew
to be Tikhons true heart (non Soviet coerced).
1924 - North American
Russian Church declares its autonomy at second Sobor (synod) in Detroit,
1927 - 2 February - Archbishop Ofiesh appointed by Metropolitan
Platon of the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church in North America
(Moscow Patriarchate) to head The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic
Church in North America (American Orthodox Catholic Church) to serve all English
speaking orthodox in North America.
1927 - Orthodox jurisdictions in the new
world refused to accept this new Church and began turning their back on the
Church (contrary to the canons and christian charity).
1928 - 1 February - The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church in North America
incorporated in Boston, MA. by Abp. Aftimios Ofiesh and 7 others.
1929 - Greek Archbishop Alexander of the new American Greek Diocese told Abp. Ofiesh
that he, Alexander, was over ALL orthodox in the new world.
1929 - Schism in American Orthodoxy!
1931 - Ukrainian Orthodox Church in America
1932 - 7 February - Joseph A. Zuk consecrated bishop for the
1932 - Ignatius W.A. Nichols consecrated but not seated on
the North American Holy Synod.
1933 - Acting in accordance with an opinion of
the Ecumenical Patriarch, and in an attempt to shape American Orthodoxy for the
future, Aftimios marries in a bold and courageous statement regarding the
applicability of Canons which states that bishops must be taken from the ranks
of the monastic clergy or divorce their wives before consecration. In
America there were not enough monasteries and therefore the impetus was on
+Aftimios to consecrate married bishops. Since one cannot tell others to
take a controversial stand without yourself taking it, +Aftimios married Miriam,
a devout Orthodox woman of equal courage. Since this Church (THEOCACNA) never adopted the canon on married bishops no Tribunal was even called.
1933 - Synod stated the canon on
marriage related to the Church in Europe Asia and had no bearing on the
American Church. The Synod supported the Arrchbshops marriage.
1933 - Bp.
Nichols left orthodoxy and became pastor of a protestant church.
1934 - 23
February - Bishop Zuk dies
1934 - Bishop Sophronios Beshara
1946 - The Cleveland Synod is not attended by Aftimios and condemmed by him because
of the schismatic and communist political factions. This also shows why Aftimios claims to
autocephalously are valid. The question of allegiance to the Moscow Patriarch had already been
resolved as far as Aftimios was concerned and did not need to be discussed any
further. he 1946 Cleveland Synod was made up of a) Karlovsky supporters
and b) Patriarch supporters. Aftimios was neither so why attend?
1942 - Ignatius leaves Orthodoxy to become a protestant pastor in Vermont.
1947 - 6 February - Ignatius (Wm. Albert) Nichols dies.
1966 - 24 July - Archbishop Aftimios Ofiesh, Archbishop-President of THEOCACNA dies.
1966 - 1995 - Church held in Locum Tenens
due to lack of clergy.
1970 - Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church received
a Charter from the Moscow Patriarchate and became known as the Orthodox Church
1995 - New synod establshed and widow of Abp. Aftimios sits on
corporate board of trustees.
1997 - Archbishop Victor Prentice elected
Archbishop President of The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church
in North America and successor to Abp. Aftimios.
1997 - Synod declares Church
a Metropolitanate and grants the presiding bishop the title of Metropolitan.
1999 - Four former bishops "resigned" and walked away and setup a seperate
altar and continued to claim our Church name while attacking the Metropolitan.
Following the Canons the full synod deposed and anathematized them.
Mariam Ofiesh retires from the Church Board of Trustees.
2000 - Mariam Ofiesh died.
2003 - North American Holy Synod of THEOCACNA declares the Church the
American Orthodox Patiarchate.
2007 - Synod issued Decree regarding
jurisdictions and individuals who defame long dead clergy of this
2007 - Metropolitan Victor Resigns as Metropolitan.
2007 - Abp. Leland elected new Metropolitan
2007 - Patriarch Nikon issues Decree - Declaration of Schism in American Orthodoxy dating
back to 1929 by other orthodox jurisdictions. 2007 - Synod declares Arhbishop
Aftimios a Martyr for the Faith based on the Great suffering he endured since he
was appointed head of this Church which continues over 41 years after his
2009 - Many bishops walked away from the Church over the requirement that a mandate must be issued and they wanted to be able to ordain at will "for their own jurisdiction".
2009 - Synod adopted the Greek Orthodox requirements for ordination and a mandate must be signed and approved for any ordination to be valid and in the name of THEOCACNA.
*Part of the Karlovsky Synod later became known as the Russian Orthodox
Church Outside Russia (ROCOR).
© 2002, 2010 - The Most Rev. Victor Prentice
All Rights Reserved
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